GDL are the UK’s largest provider of Deep Soil Mixing and we have unrivalled production and support.
Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) is a versatile ground improvement technnique that takes place in-situ. It is often used to improve the engineering properties of marginal and brownfield sites where soils, including peat, are considered to be soft or very soft.
Ground improvement technologies are used extensively across the UK within the civil engineering and building industries to engender higher strength, lower compressibility or improvement of other engineering properties into native soils for the purposes of accommodating greater load.
In the UK, wet soil mixing is most commonly used, however, we can advise on both wet and dry deep soil mixing systems. Wet soil mixing involves the introduction of a fluid grout with simultaneous disaggregation of the soil with a rotating mixing tool. Dry soil mixing is used for very wet and/or organic materials, which have a moisture content high enough that when dry cement binder is applied under pressure and agitated by the mixing tool, it creates a fully fluidised soil / cement mixture.
In extensive and deep deposits of soft ground, deep soil mixing technology, which traditionally encompasses the mechanical agitation of the ground with the addition of a cementitious binder, is commonplace as a ground improvement method.
The chemical processes of binder introduction, for example the hydration and the subsequent production of primary and secondary cementitious by-products, ion exchange and flocculation, pozzolanic reaction and carbonation, are well understood with well-defined relationships between the volume of binder introduced and the strength and/or stiffness increase for a given binder type or blend. However, the mechanics of the soil mixing processes are not as well understood. This is where our expertise and understanding in this area is vast.
We have adapted the techniques and the equipment that is required to better suit the range of soil conditions that we more commonly encounter in the UK.
Our processes involves a combination of jet grouting and mechanical mixing technologies which allows us to mix a wet cementitious grout with the soils to produce a mass block of improved material. This high-pressure wet soil mixing system has a wider range of working parameters when compared with dry soil mixing.